The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed that people might have something to do with the mutations that bacteria undergo which makes them resistant to antibiotics.
CDC blame the people who make excessive use of antibiotics or do not take them properly for the development of superbugs. These people do not play a role only in the development, but also in the thriving of the antibiotic resistant bacteria.
This phenomenon has grown to such an extent that now the entire population of the globe is at risk. Health experts suggest that, before trying to find solutions for this problem, they should understand how bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics.
They found some interesting discoveries that have recently been published in the journal Science. They found that bacteria develop mutations much faster after they acquire some form of tolerance to the antibiotic. This tolerance is obtained through “sleeping”, or going into a dormant state.
The study was performed at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel. They found that the bacteria could tolerate exposure during “sleeping”. After acquiring this dormancy mechanism, they can undergo the evolutionary process that turns them into antibiotic-resistant bugs 20 times more faster than usual.
In order to find out if and how tolerance is related to the developing of resistance, they created a controlled environment where they allowed the bacteria to evolve under the effect of antibiotics. Then, by using a genetic model, they showed that tolerance can indeed speed up the process of developing immunity to antibiotics.
Thus, health experts should know how to tackle the problem of killing superbugs. A group of students has already found a possible solution.
The students from the University of Northern British Columbia are planning to kill the superbugs by using their own weapon, so to say. They are aware of the fact that these bacteria can transfer the resistance capability from one another. What they are trying to do is to put a gene in them that will kill them when transferred, instead of making them resistant.
We are on our way to stop these superbugs, but it should happen as soon as possible. Besides the risk of infection, antibiotic-resistant bacteria make harder the treatment of infectious diseases and make usual surgeries or chemotherapy to be riskier than they should be.
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