Researchers recently discovered that there is a third Kukulkan pyramid, the smallest internal structure being hidden at the center of the Mayan structure. Archaeologists are not yet sure why the Mayans chose to build three pyramids on top of each other.
The Temple of Kukulkan also called El Castillo by locals, is situated in the ancient Mayan town of Chichen Itza. Like a Russian Matryoshka doll, the larger pyramid structure hides two smaller buildings, the last one being recently discovered at the very center of the pyramid.
René Chávez Seguro, one of the researchers that made the discovery, declared during a press conference that additional future study is needed to determine the purpose of the third Kukulkan pyramid.
The ancient Mayan structure is located in Yucatan, the entire site being designated an archaeological haven. The town of Chichen Itza was built in the 6th century during the height of the Mayan civilization. According to archaeologists, the city was massive, the diverse architectural styles providing a value clue on the diversity of the Mayan universe.
The second Kukulkan pyramid was discovered in the 1930s, researchers believing that it was built somewhere between 800 and 1000 AD. The largest structure being completed around 1050 and 1300 AD.
Archaeologists never entered the ancient Mayan pyramid because, as in the case of the Egyptian pyramids, there is no apparent way in.
By using a new scanning method called electrical resistivity tomography, the researchers managed to discover the third and smallest structure. The team believes that the third Kukulkan pyramid is probably the first one built, the additional “layers”’ being added over time as the Mayan empire thrived.
Researchers also believe that the Matryoshka structure may have been influenced by leadership or political fluctuations. Economic pressure might also have played a role in the decision of adding a new pyramid on top of the old one every century, or so.
Geoffrey Braswell, an anthropology professor at California University, believes that there is a chance that smaller structures are still hidden beneath the third Kukulkan pyramid.
The Aztecs were known worshippers of the sun, the possibility of them enlarging the construction as a way to please their God being also discussed.
Image source: Wikipedia