Animals have been on the earth for millions of years. Some species, such as the tortoise and the bowhead whale, have adapted to survive for an incredibly long time. In this article, we will explore the top 10 longest-living animals in nature.
10: African Elephant
The African elephant is one of the world's longest living mammals. These gentle giants can live up to 70 years in the wild and even longer in captivity. African elephants are known for their intelligence, social behavior, and unique tusks which they use to dig for water and food.
9: Bowhead Whale
The bowhead whale is a large marine mammal that can live up to 200 years! This species is found primarily in Arctic waters and feeds on plankton, crustaceans, and small fish. Bowhead whales have thick blubber that helps them stay warm in cold waters and a unique bow-shaped head which helps them break through ice.
8: Galapagos Tortoise
The Galapagos tortoise is an extremely long-lived species of tortoise that can live up to 150 years in the wild! These tortoises are found on the Galapagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador and they feed mainly on grasses, cacti, fruits, and leaves. The Galapagos tortoise is also famous for its slow speed – it can take up to two weeks for one of these reptiles to travel just one mile!
7: Red Sea Urchin
The red sea urchin is a spiny species of echinoderm that lives up to 200 years! This species is found in shallow waters along the coasts of Europe, Africa, and Asia and feeds mainly on algae and other marine plants. Red sea urchins are also prized by humans for their roe, which is eaten raw or used as an ingredient in sushi dishes.
6: Greenland Shark
The Greenland shark is one of the longest living vertebrates on earth – with some individuals believed to be more than 400 years old! This species is found primarily in Arctic waters near Greenland and Canada and feeds mainly on fish, squid, and other small marine animals. Despite its size (they can grow up to 24 feet long!), the Greenland shark remains relatively mysterious due to its deep-sea habitat.
Catfish are a diverse group of ray-finned fish that can live up to 50 years! These bottom-dwelling creatures are found all over North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, and Australia. Catfish feed mainly on insects but they will also eat other small animals such as frogs and crayfish.
4: Koi Fish
Koi fish are colorful ornamental carp that have been bred for centuries by humans. These hardy fish can live up to 100 years if kept in good conditions! Koi fish are native to Japan but they have been introduced all over the world – they are now one of the most popular types of aquarium fish.
3: Ocean Quahog Clam
The ocean quahog clam is an edible species of clam that can live up to 500 years! These clams are found along coastal areas from Maine down through Florida and they feed mainly on plankton and algae. Ocean quahog clams are used as food by humans but they're also studied by scientists who use their shells to study climate change over time.
2: Rougheye Rockfish
The rougheye rockfish is a large predatory fish that lives up to 205 years! This species is found primarily off the coasts of Alaska and Canada where it feeds mainly on crabs, shrimp, squid, octopus, herring, codfish eggs, etc.. The rougheye rockfish has a lifespan so long due to its slow growth rate – it takes these fish up to 20 years just reach maturity!
1: Bowmouth Guitarfish
The bowmouth guitarfish tops our list as one of nature's longest living animals – with lifespans reaching up to 250 years! This species is found primarily in tropical waters near India where it feeds mainly on mollusks such as clams and oysters as well as crustaceans like shrimp and crabs. The bowmouth guitarfish has distinctive “wings” which help it glide gracefully through the water while searching for food.