This is hardly good news, given the extended periods of drought that have already affected crops. The future doesn’t look very bright for the animals, insects, plants and the people inhabiting the planet. We are all going to be affected by the scarcity of the resources, by the intolerable heat and the polluted air unless solutions are found as soon as possible.
Researchers predict that 2015 and 2016 are going to be the hottest years we have ever witnessed so far, mainly due to the occurrence of a new El Nino that will speed up the global warming process. This phenomenon, which also occurred a few years ago, will increase temperatures and rainfall, especially in the Pacific area.
According to scientists, El Nino has already begun, and it is likely to last until at least next year. Up until now, it seems that temperatures were increasing at a 50 percent slower pace than they did before 1998.
However, the long pause perceived in temperature rise between 1998 and 2012 has come to an end. The first months of 2015 have been incredibly hot compared to the previous years, according to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization.
The report published in the British Met Office looks at the climate patterns over the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans and it seems that the signs are all pointing towards higher temperatures over the next couple of years.
One of the authors of the report, Adam Scaife, said that human activity has contributed to climate change a great deal, through massive greenhouse gas emissions that have affected the amount of heat that the Earth’s atmosphere retains. On the other hand, there are many other natural factors that have influenced the temperatures. An example is the devastating El Nino, a phenomenon that shows up unexpectedly.
In November 2015, about 200 nations are scheduled to meet in Paris to discuss the issue of global warming and come up with solutions to slow it down.
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