According to the study, the beginning of Europe was incited by a mass migration from the region of the world, which is now known as Russia and Georgia. At the time, it was also have been a period when new technology and languages and lifestyles began to form as these indigenous moved to the new continent.
According to the researchers, thousands of Bronze Age migrants came from Caucuses to northern Europe during a major migratory period in the third millennium BC. This has been determined from the analysis of 100 ancient skeletons from the period, the largest of its kind.
Eske Willerslev, Lundbeck Foundation Professor said, “The single most important finding from our study is that the Bronze Age, which is relatively recent, is when the major genetic landscape affecting modern-day Europeans was formed. It’s a surprise as it happened so recently.”
He further adds, “They brought with them new technology, new family structures, new religion and new ways of burying their dead. They also brought the start of cities. They were a high-tech culture.”
The migration would have found new metal working skills and the origin of what has mostly become the foundation of all European language, including Greek, Latin, German and English.
Geneticist and director of the Centre for GeoGenetics Eske Willerslev elaborates, “Our study is the first, real large-scale population genomic study ever undertaken on ancient individuals. We analysed genome sequence data from 101 past individuals. This is more than a doubling of the number of genomic sequenced individuals of prehistoric man generated to date/”
Furthermore, he concludes by saying, “The results show that the genetic composition and distribution of peoples in Europe and Asia today is a surprisingly late phenomenon, only a few thousand years old.”