Women should always take care of themselves and perform regular check-ups, pelvic exams, and mammograms. Thus, they can keep track of what they should do to improve their health. The cervix is an important component of the female reproductive system which is vulnerable to serious health conditions. Here are a few ways on how to preserve your cervical health.
The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus, connecting it to the top of the vagina. The main purpose of the cervix is to let the menstrual blood flow from the uterus to the vagina. In childbirth, the cervix undergoes wide dilatations to allow the baby to go through.
First of all, women should know what conditions usually affect the cervix. One of them is cervicitis. It implies the inflammation of the cervical tissue. It is signaled by pain in the vagina, pressure in the pelvis, and abnormal vaginal bleeding and discharge.
The most common condition affecting cervices is the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). HPV consists of a number of 150 viruses or more that are sexually transmitted. Some of them can cause warts, while others lead to other complications, such as cancers of the mouth, throat, anus, penis, vagina, and cervix. It is estimated that one person gets cancer every 20 minutes caused by HPV.
Cervical cancer is the most serious disease that can occur in cervices. Ninety nine percent of the cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV.
However, women should not worry. Cervical cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancer thanks to the Pap smear. This test identifies cells in the cervix that may develop into cervical cancer if they are not treated. All women between 21 and 65 are advised to take such a test. Also, an HPV test can be performed on the same sample used for the Pap smear. This detects the presence of HPV.
How can women reduce the risk of cervical cancer? First of all, they are advised not to smoke. Smokers are twice as likely to get cervical cancer. Most importantly, they should practice safe sex. Condoms are not 100 percent safe, but they provide a high amount of protection. Also, lowering the number of sexual partner helps.
There is also an HPV vaccine that protects against cancers caused by HPV. All boys and girls aged from 11 to 12 are advised to get the vaccine.
Women should not be scared. A healthy and organized lifestyle can protect them against cervical conditions. Also, screening tests exist and they can always detect when something is wrong.
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