The scientists at the European Space Agency (ESA) have discovered a treasure chest of sorts forming clusters of ancient galaxy that could reveal more about the evolution of universe.
The findings were made using two of the space telescopes belonging to ESA.
According to the scientists, the study showed how astronomers made use of the ESA’s Planck space observatory in order to detect these distant galaxy clusters that could possibly be the precursors to the universe. After their detection, all the data was transferred to the Herschel telescope for the scientists to have a more in-depth look.
Hervé Dole, lead study author from the Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale in France, called it a huge surprise to find out several dusty galaxies and intense star forming that could be a crucial missing piece in the formation of stellar structure.
The treasure trove of the clusters of baby galaxy was detected by Planck, but it was Herschel’s data that made the astronomers to closely analyse the composition of each of these galaxy clusters that exposed its origins.
This step is crucial in elaborate understanding of the early commencement of the universe. According to the experts, millions of years were taken for stars and galaxies to acquire the energy for assembling into giant clusters.
With the formation of these galaxy clusters, powerful gravitational forces were caused that triggered a new generation of galaxies and stars.
The researchers believe that the dark matter assisted these stars to develop and flourish into the process of formation of star. However, it’s still a big mystery as to how these large galaxy clusters assembled together.
The findings of the study were detailed in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics.