According to a new study released by the WHO, the malaria fight has been making progress but it still an issue, especially in the African continent.
The WHO or the World Health Organization released its annual World Malaria Report for 2016. Published on Tuesday, the report showed both the recent positive outcomes and the global shortcomings.
According to the WHO, humans are both gaining and losing ground in the malaria fight. Efforts are being made to prevent the disease and stop its spread.
At the same time, program funding is becoming an increasingly serious issue.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that affects both humans and a number of animals. Its most common symptoms include fatigue, vomiting, headaches, and fever.
Complications of the disease may lead to seizures, a yellow skin, possibly coma or even death. Malaria has to be treated accordingly. If not, the disease may reoccur and lead to more serious problems.
According to global reports, the number of deaths caused by the disease has marked a dramatic fall and a turn for the better.
Since 2000, the number of deaths caused by the diseases in the African continent has fallen by 62 percent. In 2015, the continent reported 429,000 such deaths.
However, the WHO also warns that there is a big difference in terms of progress throughout the various countries. Whilst more financially established nations have registered progress, the poorest countries are still suffering.
The Sub-Saharan African regions registered the highest numbers of both new cases and disease deaths. 90 percent of the new cases and 92 percent of the deaths alone were registered in the respective areas.
Richard Cibulskis, the WHO malaria strategy, evidence and economics unit coordinator released a statement.
According to him, the Sub-Saharan area is affected by a disproportionally large share of the global disease burden. Reports show that, in the area, a child malaria death is registered every two minutes.
In trying to win the malaria fight, the WHO set out a series of goals. However, these goals will not be met if the funding does not increase, according to Pedro Alonso.
Alonso is the global WHO malaria program director. He went to point out that a substantial increase in both international and domestic sources would be needed. Only then would the global target and threat be conquered.
The global funding for the malaria fight reached its peak in between 2000 and 2010. Still, the WHO reports that since then, funding has flatlined.
With a 2015 total value of $2.9 billion, disease protection and preventions costs on the rise, the sum was not nearly enough.
Estimates show that the battle with the diseases would have required $3.8 billion in 2016. By 2020, the value will probably increase and reach a $6.4 billion sum.
WHO reports pointed out that out of 2015 total value, about 32 percent came from the malaria-endemic governments. The rest of the value was accounted for from international donations.
In between the global donors and funding, the United States and Great Britain are the largest such entities.
The United States alone was the source of 35 percent of the international funds, whilst Britain accounted for 16 percent.
Funding is very important in both treating and preventing the disease. The annual report found that, in 2015, almost 43 percent of the Sub-Saharan population was not properly protected.
The nations’ health systems were also seen to be underresourced or even inaccessible to malaria sufferers.
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