As many as 600,000 die of heart cardiac arrest every year. It was estimated that you have a 90 percent higher chance to die if you are not in a hospital. This is mainly because many bystanders are completely unaware how to perform CPR on those in need.
This is why a new report – “Strategies to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival: A Time to Act.” urges national health authorities to start thinking about a program that could enable as many people as possible to learn how to be of help in such situations. Such programs could be implemented in schools, offices, and other centers.
The report is comprehensive and well documented, as no less than nineteen researchers worked on it for four years.
A cardiac arrest is a very serious condition because it is asymptomatic before it occurs. Unlike heart attacks there is no pain to precede it. There is only tachycardia and the person’s blood is prevented from flowing to the brain.
Knowing how to perform CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation, as well as knowing how to use defibrillators to charge the heart electrically can give the patient a more than 90 percent chance to survive.
“People think of cardiac arrest as a bad heart attack but, in fact, in most cases it’s a sudden change in heart rhythm without any warning whatsoever that leads to cessation of blood flow to the brain. Improving survival has to depend on people around you being prepared to help you immediately,” said Dr. Roger Lewis ,” who is the head of emergency medicine at County Harbor-UCLA Medical Center.
Thus, a culture of action should be implemented as soon as possible, in order to increase the very small percentage of only 3 % of people who get medical help when they suffer from cardiac arrest.
Various organizations and authorities nationwide have been called upon to provide funding and help with data collection. These include the Red Cross, the American Heart Association, the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), the American College of Cardiology, National Institutes of health and many others.
They suggested it is important rural areas or underdeveloped communities get information regarding providing the first aid in cases of cardiac arrest as well. Moreover, 9-1-1 dispatchers should be able to guide people to help those in need. In many parts of the country, these things are already done, but the statistics still fail to show a positive improvement in the number of deaths related to cardiac arrest.
The study was published on Thursday, July 1st, by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
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