Although pregnant women are advised to avoid smoking cannabis, a recent study discovered the number of Californian women who adopt this activity during pregnancy had been increasing since 2009. The drug might have a series of dangerous effect on the health of their unborn child, but they still kept consuming it.
More pregnant Californian women have started smoking cannabis
For the study, researchers collected data from over 300,000 women who received medical attention during their pregnancy from the biggest healthcare system in California. The women had to be at least two months pregnant and older than 12. They first had to answer a series of questions and, two weeks later, to be the subjects of a toxicology examination.
The observations lasted for 8 years and, at the end, researchers spotted how the number of pregnant women smoking cannabis had increased. In 2009, 4.9 percent of these women consumed marijuana during pregnancy and, in 2016, the rate had increased to 7.1 percent. The growth rate per year was of 1.075 percent.
The drug can have terrible effects on the unborn child
As expected, those pregnant women aged below 18 or between 18 and 24 were the ones with the biggest increase over the 8-year period. In fact, about 25 percent of teen moms and one women in five from the 18-24 age group is smoking cannabis during pregnancy.
Researchers are not surprised at the results, but they are still concerned of the health effects this might have. California was the first state to legalize marijuana consumption, so looking at the statistics here can offer them a preview of how the situation might look like on a national scale.
There’s no need to mention these results are extremely worrying. The reports developed by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists advise all women who are pregnant or breastfeeding to avoid smoking cannabis. The drug might affect the unborn baby’s cognitive capacity and make it more likely to consume drugs as an adult.