Besides being good for reducing accident rates, self-driving cars could reduce greenhouse gases emission as well. A research published by Berkley Lab indicates that replacing the transportation grid to self-driving taxis could reduce greenhouse gases emission by up to 90 percent before 2030.
Nowadays traffic and pollution are one of the most important threats for the environment. Besides this as population grows more and more taxis are functioning in both urban and rural areas in order to satisfy the needs of the population. The invention of driverless taxis can highly prevent the environment’s deterioration according to the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Scientists say that this might be possible in the years to come.
The clean EV powerplants and the change from privately-owned cars will play an essential role. Right-sizing trips will also make the journey possible by ensuring that the size of the vehicle matches with the number of the passengers.
For self-driving taxis to replace normal ones the infrastructure should be completely changed in only 15 years. This could happen when autonomous technologies and EV will get started on condition that everyone cooperates. However this means that many professional drivers will lose their jobs.
The researchers involved in the study explained that even a modest switch could have a noticeable impact on the environment. If driverless taxis were to represent 5 percent of the estimated car sales in 2030 they would cut greenhouse gas emissions by up to 2.4 million tons every year. 5 percent is the equivalent of 800.000 prototypes.
The data collected by the researchers indicates that if self-driving cars will replace normal cars the emission of greenhouse gas will be reduced with at least 68 percent and it could reach even 82 percent. In addition Jeffrey Greenblatt explained that in the US when people order a taxi most of the customers use a car for a person or two. Introducing smaller cars to fit with the number of customers would highly protect the environment since smaller cars also consume less gas.
According to Greenblatt the research team will conduct further investigations and look at vehicle designs and battery choices which would better fit the public. Until then taking the advantages presented in the paper the researchers are very convinced that self-driving cars will highly contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Image Source: The Guardian