They found that early treatment of HIV could possibly be the cure for the disease.
HIV virus progresses in two ways one is through the bloodstream and the other is between the cells similar to computer worms taking two routes to infect the computers.
Network security experts and HIV specialists at the University college London (UCL) thought that as computer worms take 2 routes to infect the system HIV must also do the same, so they worked together to build a “hybrid spreading” model which accurately predicted patients progression from HIV to AIDS.
“I was involved in a study looking in general at spreading of worms across the internet and then I realized the parallel. They have to consistently find another computer to infect outside. They can either look locally in their own networks, their own computers, or you could remotely transmit out a worm to every computer on the internet. HIV also uses two ways of spreading within the body,” said co-senior author, Prof Benny Chain, from UCL’s infection and immunity division.
They took the sample data from 17 HIV patients to verify the model and the HIV progression was similar to the hybrid spreading simulation.
World Health Organization guidelines is being followed in UK, which recommends to begin treatment for HIV when the person falls ill or the number of cells that protect immune system falls to a certain level.
But form the simulation it is found that blocking the cell to cell transfer will prevent the spread of virus through HIV this means that treatment should be given to the patient as early as possible.
Both the early and late intervention prevents the spread of the virus, so it is much easier to eradicate the disease early than later.