Global warming and climate change are continuously affecting the planet and if it continues with this speed then Mountain Everest glaciers may disappear.
Joseph Shea, glacier hydrologist from the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development and the lead author of the study said, “Continued and possibly accelerated mass loss from glaciers is likely given the projected increase in temperatures.”
He adds it is highly unexpected to see these glaciers reduced at huge scale.
Shea and his team discovered that even moderate reductions of greenhouse gas emissions can still produce a 70 percent glacier loss around the Mount Everest while regular carbon emissions that remain the same amount can still result to a 99 percent loss.
With the help of computer generated models for glacier melts, these new findings were brought about by glacier accumulation and redistribution.
For the study data from temperature to precipitation levels and field measurements from remote sensing observation from over 50 years in the Dudh Koshi basin where Mount Everest is located along with other high peaks around the planet were utilized.
The model measured how much mass the glaciers accumulate from snowfall and where they are redistributed down the region.
This model is also used for eight future climate scenarios where it compared results from emissions to zero carbon emissions.
For the glaciers of Mount Everest, the results were unfavorable since even if emission were reduced and rainfall amount in the region increases significantly, the model still predicts that majority of the glaciers will disappear by 2100.
The findings suggest that the region will be clear from glaciers, making it safe for travelers and mountaineers but for local Nepalese, the mountains are still crucial for their culture and economy.
Shea says that the model simulation may be filled with irregularities and predictions can never be always exact from computers.
The findings of the study are published in journal The Cryosphere.