Mediterranean diet is considered as the healthiest diet in the world since it is more focused on vegetables, fruits, nuts, olive oil, fish and grains.
The study was funded by the Swiss League Against Cancer, Italian Foundation for Cancer Research and Swiss National Science Foundation.
The research looked into the diet of 5000 women in Italy, where the diet is very common. The Mediterranean diet was then broken down into nine components and it was observed how closely they adhered to it.
The diet includes eating monounsaturated fats like olive oil, cereals, lots of fish, nuts, fruits, pulses, vegetables and potatoes but little milk and other dairy products, meat and moderate consumption of alcohol.
It was found that women who stuck to the diet most closely and ate at least seven of the nine components reduced the risk of womb cancer by 57 percent.
Those women who stuck to at least six of the nine components reduced their risk by 46 percent.
Those women whose diet includes less than five elements of the diet did into reduce the risk of womb cancer significantly.
“Our research shows the impact a healthy balanced diet could have on a woman’s risk of developing womb cancer.” “This adds more weight to our understanding of how our every day choices, like what we eat and how active we are, affect our risk of cancer,” said Dr. Cristina Bosetti, from the from the IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche and lead author of the study.
Dr. Julie Sharp, head of Cancer Research UK’s health information said that our genes and our age affect cancer risk but a healthy lifestyle could also help to reduce the risk of certain cancer.
The findings of the study are published in the British Journal of Cancer.