The team used equipment called as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats or CRISPR to pull 14 pieces of DNA from the Arctic permafrost wholly mammoth and insert into the tissue culture of the living cells of Asian elephant.
George church, who led the team said, “prioritized genes associated with cold resistance including hairiness, ear size, subcutaneous fat and, especially, hemoglobin.”
The elephant cells were working properly with mammoth DNA in them.
The next step would be to take the hybrid mammoth/elephants cells from the petri dish and develop them into actual working tissues like blood cells.
If the mammoth genes work properly then the team will develop the embryos of the elephant and mammoth hybrids and incubate them in artificial wombs.
The artificial womb technology is a speculative technology, but this is the best way to pursue the project, church says.
By developing the hybrid elephant which can exist in colder climes, they hope to move the animal further away from humans and the conflicts that are threatening Asian and African elephant extinction and this will possibly solve several ecological problems on Earth.
If the hybrid elephant is successfully created and integrated in the wild then in future the team might even try to bring back the woolly mammoth itself.