Yet our eyesight can also suffer serious damage if we don't take the necessary measures. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 20% of cataract cases are directly linked to exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Furthermore, it is estimated that 10% of cataract cases worldwide can be attributed to UV exposure.
The effects of sun exposure on the eyes
In addition to cataracts, the WHO points out that exposure to the sun can cause other eye problems such as photokeratitis and photoconjunctivitis. Although these effects are generally reversible and cause no long-term damage, they can be very painful and sometimes require medical intervention. Fortunately, these problems can be avoided by taking precautions and protecting our eyes.
Expert advice on protecting your eyes from the sun
Dr Gonzalo Bernabéu, Director of the Ophthalmology Department at the University Hospital of Montepríncipe, gives some advice on how to protect your eyes during the summer:
1) Protect eyelids with sun cream
Eyelids are a very delicate part of the face and require special attention. It is therefore essential to apply a suitable sun cream to this part of our face to protect them from the sun's harmful rays.
2) Prevent dry eyes
Summer heat and air conditioning can cause the cornea to dry out, leading to increased dryness of the eyes. To prevent this, Dr. Bernabéu recommends the use of artificial tears, especially for people working in environments where air conditioning is used extensively.
3) Use sunglasses
Sunglasses are essential for protecting our eyes from ultraviolet rays. According to Dr. Bernabéu, sunglasses with a level 3 filter are recommended for optimum protection. Prolonged exposure to the sun can lead to cataracts in the long term and damage the retina.
It is therefore important to remember that unprotected exposure to the sun can cause serious eye problems. In particular, young people need to be aware of the risks associated with such exposure, as they may increase the risk of developing macular degeneration in the future.
It's essential to protect our eyes from the sun to prevent eye damage. Whether it's using sunscreen on the eyelids, preventing eyes from drying out with artificial tears or wearing sunglasses, these simple measures can help maintain good visual health throughout the summer and beyond.
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